Literature Reviews

Azqueta, A., & Collins, A. R. (2012). Carotenoids and DNA damage. Mutat Res, 733(1-2), 4-13. doi:10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2012.03.005

Barros, M. P., Poppe, S. C., & Bondan, E. F. (2014). Neuroprotective properties of the marine carotenoid astaxanthin and omega-3 fatty acids, and perspectives for the natural combination of both in krill oil. Nutrients, 6(3), 1293-1317. doi:10.3390/nu6031293

Bertram, J. S., & Vine, A. L. (2005). Cancer prevention by retinoids and carotenoids: Independent action on a common target. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) -

Molecular Basis of Disease, 1740(2), 170-178. doi:

Bishop, D. (2010). Dietary supplements and team-sport performance. Sports Med, 40(12), 995-1017. doi:10.2165/11536870-000000000-00000

Chuyen, V. H., & Eun, J. B. (2015). Marine Carotenoids: Bioactivities and Potential Benefits to Human Health. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr, 0. doi:10.1080/10408398.2015.1063477

Ciccone, M. M., Cortese, F., Gesualdo, M., Carbonara, S., Zito, A., Ricci, G., . . . Riccioni, G. (2013). Dietary intake of carotenoids and their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in cardiovascular care. Mediators Inflamm, 2013, 782137. doi:10.1155/2013/782137

de Jesus Raposo, M. F., de Morais, R. M., & de Morais, A. M. (2013). Health applications of bioactive compounds from marine microalgae. Life Sci, 93(15), 479-486. doi:10.1016/j.lfs.2013.08.002

Edwards, J. A., Bellion, P., Beilstein, P., Rumbeli, R., & Schierle, J. (2016). Review of genotoxicity and rat carcinogenicity investigations with astaxanthin. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol, 75, 5-19. doi:10.1016/j.yrtph.2015.12.009

Fassett, R. G., & Coombes, J. S. (2009). Astaxanthin, oxidative stress, inflammation and cardiovascular disease. Future Cardiol, 5(4), 333-342. doi:10.2217/fca.09.19

Fassett, R. G., & Coombes, J. S. (2011). Astaxanthin: a potential therapeutic agent in cardiovascular disease. Mar Drugs, 9(3), 447-465. doi:10.3390/md9030447

Fassett, R. G., & Coombes, J. S. (2012). Astaxanthin in cardiovascular health and disease. Molecules, 17(2), 2030-2048. doi:10.3390/molecules17022030

Gammone, M. A., Riccioni, G., & D'Orazio, N. (2015). Carotenoids: potential allies of cardiovascular health? Food Nutr Res, 59, 26762. doi:10.3402/fnr.v59.26762

Gammone, M. A., Riccioni, G., & D'Orazio, N. (2015). Marine Carotenoids against Oxidative Stress: Effects on Human Health. Mar Drugs, 13(10), 6226-6246. doi:10.3390/md13106226

Higuera-Ciapara, I., Felix-Valenzuela, L., & Goycoolea, F. M. (2006). Astaxanthin: a review of its chemistry and applications. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr, 46(2), 185-196. doi:10.1080/10408690590957188

Kidd, P. (2011). Astaxanthin, cell membrane nutrient with diverse clinical benefits and anti-aging potential. Altern Med Rev, 16(4), 355-364.

Kidd, P. M. (2009). Integrated brain restoration after ischemic stroke--medical management, risk factors, nutrients, and other interventions for managing inflammation and enhancing brain plasticity. Altern Med Rev, 14(1), 14-35.

Kishimoto, Y., Yoshida, H., & Kondo, K. (2016). Potential Anti-Atherosclerotic Properties of Astaxanthin. Mar Drugs, 14(2). doi:10.3390/md14020035

Kotake-Nara, E., & Nagao, A. (2011). Absorption and metabolism of xanthophylls. Mar Drugs, 9(6), 1024-1037. doi:10.3390/md9061024

Kuppusamy, P., Yusoff, M. M., Maniam, G. P., Ichwan, S. J., Soundharrajan, I., & Govindan, N. (2014). Nutraceuticals as potential therapeutic agents for colon cancer: a review. Acta Pharm Sin B, 4(3), 173-181. doi:10.1016/j.apsb.2014.04.002

Miyashita, K. (2009). Function of marine carotenoids. Forum Nutr, 61, 136-146. doi:10.1159/000212746

Murillo, A. G., & Fernandez, M. L. (2016). Potential of Dietary Non-Provitamin A Carotenoids in the Prevention and Treatment of Diabetic Microvascular Complications. Adv Nutr, 7(1), 14-24. doi:10.3945/an.115.009803

Otsuka, T., Shimazawa, M., Inoue, Y., Nakano, Y., Ojino, K., Izawa, H., . . . Hara, H. (2016). Astaxanthin Protects Against Retinal Damage: Evidence from In Vivo and In Vitro Retinal Ischemia and Reperfusion Models. Curr Eye Res, 1-8. doi:10.3109/02713683.2015.1127392

Pashkow, F. J., Watumull, D. G., & Campbell, C. L. (2008). Astaxanthin: a novel potential treatment for oxidative stress and inflammation in cardiovascular disease. Am J Cardiol, 101(10a), 58d-68d. doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2008.02.010

Raposo, M. F., de Morais, A. M., & de Morais, R. M. (2015). Carotenoids from Marine Microalgae: A Valuable Natural Source for the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Mar Drugs, 13(8), 5128-5155. doi:10.3390/md13085128

Riccioni, G. (2012). Marine carotenoids and oxidative stress. Mar Drugs, 10(1), 116-118. doi:10.3390/md10010116

Riccioni, G., D'Orazio, N., Franceschelli, S., & Speranza, L. (2011). Marine carotenoids and cardiovascular risk markers. Mar Drugs, 9(7), 1166-1175. doi:10.3390/md9071166

Riccioni, G., Speranza, L., Pesce, M., Cusenza, S., D'Orazio, N., & Glade, M. J. (2012). Novel phytonutrient contributors to antioxidant protection against cardiovascular disease. Nutrition, 28(6), 605-610. doi:10.1016/j.nut.2011.11.028

Salem, N., Jr., & Kuratko, C. N. (2014). A reexamination of krill oil bioavailability studies. Lipids Health Dis, 13, 137. doi:10.1186/1476-511x-13-137

Sandmann, G. (2015). Carotenoids of biotechnological importance. Adv Biochem Eng Biotechnol, 148, 449-467. doi:10.1007/10_2014_277

Schmidl, D., Garhofer, G., & Schmetterer, L. (2015). Nutritional supplements in age-related macular degeneration. Acta Ophthalmol, 93(2), 105-121. doi:10.1111/aos.12650

Shah, M. M., Liang, Y., Cheng, J. J., & Daroch, M. (2016). Astaxanthin-Producing Green Microalga Haematococcus pluvialis: From Single Cell to High Value Commercial Products. Front Plant Sci, 7, 531. doi:10.3389/fpls.2016.00531

Tanaka, T., Shnimizu, M., & Moriwaki, H. (2012). Cancer chemoprevention by carotenoids. Molecules, 17(3), 3202-3242. doi:10.3390/molecules17033202

Ursoniu, S., Sahebkar, A., Serban, M. C., & Banach, M. (2015). Lipid profile and glucose changes after supplementation with astaxanthin: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Med Sci, 11(2), 253-266. doi:10.5114/aoms.2015.50960

Wise, J. (2015). Diet rich in carotenoids is linked to reduced risk of advanced age related macular degeneration. Bmj, 351, h5384. doi:10.1136/bmj.h5384

Wu, J., Cho, E., Willett, W. C., Sastry, S. M., & Schaumberg, D. A. (2015). Intakes of Lutein, Zeaxanthin, and Other Carotenoids and Age-Related Macular Degeneration During 2 Decades of Prospective Follow-up. JAMA Ophthalmol, 133(12), 1415-1424. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2015.3590

Yaakob, Z., Ali, E., Zainal, A., Mohamad, M., & Takriff, M. S. (2014). An overview: biomolecules from microalgae for animal feed and aquaculture. J Biol Res (Thessalon), 21(1), 6. doi:10.1186/2241-5793-21-6

Yuan, J. P., Peng, J., Yin, K., & Wang, J. H. (2011). Potential health-promoting effects of astaxanthin: a high-value carotenoid mostly from microalgae. Mol Nutr Food Res, 55(1), 150-165. doi:10.1002/mnfr.201000414

Zhang, J., Sun, Z., Sun, P., Chen, T., & Chen, F. (2014). Microalgal carotenoids: beneficial effects and potential in human health. Food Funct, 5(3), 413-425. doi:10.1039/c3fo60607d

Zhang, L., & Wang, H. (2015). Multiple Mechanisms of Anti-Cancer Effects Exerted by Astaxanthin. Mar Drugs, 13(7), 4310-4330. doi:10.3390/md13074310

Zhang, Z. W., Xu, X. C., Liu, T., & Yuan, S. (2016). Mitochondrion-Permeable Antioxidants to Treat ROS-Burst-Mediated Acute Diseases. Oxid Med Cell Longev, 2016, 6859523. doi:10.1155/2016/6859523